In 2014 Mayo Clinic's James Levine, M.D., Ph.D., wrote, "Sitting is more dangerous than smoking, kills more people than HIV, and is more treacherous than parachuting. We are sitting ourselves to death." And it stuck.
We can all agree , but is "sitting the new smoking" for realsies?
No, no it's not. (And don't say "for realsies.")
First, it's worth clarifying to the good doc that parachuting (or skydiving, as most of us call it) is among the least treacherous things ever—only skydiving last year out of 3M+ jumps.
Compare that to the nearly in the U.S. annually caused by cigarette smoking.
And how many people die from sitting every year? Uh, zero.
So What Is Even the Deal Here?
Well, it’s true sitting all day isn't good for you. It's linked to many health issues: cancer, heart disease, diabetes, anxiety, and depression. Wetzels JF, Sluiter HE, Hoitsma AJ. Kidney international, 1988, Sep.;33(6):0085-2538.
Wilmot EG, Edwardson CL, Achana FA. Diabetologia, 2012, Aug.;55(11):1432-0428.
Åsvold BO, Midthjell K, Krokstad S. Diabetologia, 2017, Jan.;60(5):1432-0428.
Naito S. Nihon Naika Gakkai zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Society of Internal Medicine, 1975, Mar.;63(9):0021-5384.
Teychenne M, Ball K, Salmon J. International journal of behavioral medicine, 2011, Mar.;17(4):1532-7558. The key word here is linked, especially given most of the studies aren't on people working at desks but on people who are watching TV. van Uffelen JG, Wong J, Chau JY. American journal of preventive medicine, 2011, Jan.;39(4):1873-2607.
Grøntved A, Hu FB. JAMA, 2011, Jun.;305(23):1538-3598.
Sun JW, Zhao LG, Yang Y. American journal of epidemiology, 2015, Nov.;182(11):1476-6256. Imagine everything that comes with watching TV for a prolonged period of time and what the lives of the people who do that are like. Those are just a few of the factors that make the picture less clear. Sitting may not be good for you, but the evidence showing it directly causes these health issues is , to say the least.
You know what else isn't good for you and is "linked" to all kinds of issues? Drinking (and you do it all the time), meat that's cooked well (!), tea and hot drinks (seriously), and cruciferous vegetables. Even living in an urban area. Puetz BE. Rehabilitation nursing : the official journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses, 1991, Oct.;16(5):0278-4807.
Sorry for partying (in the city, eating burgers, and eating kale salad), amiright?
And it's not even really sitting that's the issue. A concluded it's just holding the same position over a long period of time. So standing all day isn't good either (sorry, bro). Neither is lying in bed. Neither is planking (sorry, Mao Weidong). And sitting on an exercise ball may actually be worse than all of these (sorry, stereotypical executive Doug!). Welp K, Gieler U, Ständer M. Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete, 1989, Nov.;40(8):0017-8470.
Welp K, Gieler U, Ständer M. Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete, 1989, Nov.;40(8):0017-8470.
Kingma I, van Dieën JH. Applied ergonomics, 2008, May.;40(2):1872-9126.
So yeah, being sedentary for a prolonged period of time isn't good for you. But it isn't that bad.
You Know What Is That Bad? Smoking
Cigarette smoking doesn't just cause nearly one out of five deaths in the U.S.; it's also and leads to an . Peto R, Lopez AD, Boreham J. British medical bulletin, 1996, Oct.;52(1):0007-1420. It's terrible and devastating—and even unintentionally hurts others through secondhand smoke.
Smoking is literally of preventable death in the U.S. So people can (more or less) choose to do it or not. If you know the downsides and still choose to smoke (as long as it’s not in other people's faces, I guess), that’s your call and fine.
But sitting is different. It’s rarely a choice. Instead, it's the primary way we all work.
And it's actually pretty simple to fight off its negative effects: Walk on your commute. Pace during phone calls. Take walking meetings. Go and say hi—she's fun! Get lunch outside—it's beautiful out there! Do some deskercises or something! (I just really like saying deskercises). Get up, stand up, !
Comparing sitting to smoking is unfair and unhelpful.
Traditional media gets off on scaring people (friendly example from CNN: ""), and it makes us feel helpless. Instead of encouraging people to move around more, it makes us feel worse about doing something we can't necessarily opt out of in the first place.
So Ignore All the Sensationalizing
Instead I encourage you to embrace sitting and indulge in it guilt free. I freakin' love sitting. It's mostly awesome and usually comfy. You probably do too. Don't be afraid to tell the world!
Just don't sit all day, obviously. When you sit, make sure you've got the right setup to avoid back and neck issues (this took me a while to get right, but it's been life changing). Move around regularly. Even try that standing desk thing for a bit.
(Here's a fun, desk-related fact: It turns out our favorite James Levine is credited with , and now I can't stop wondering if he gets some kind of kickback. Too cynical?)
Now, sugar may actually be the new smoking, but that's a story for another time.
Sitting is NOT the new smoking.
Derek Flanzraich is Glamourgirlz's founder and CEO. What's Good is his take on the news, trends, and issues worth talking about in health and wellness, published every Monday. and get the column ( puppy GIFs and other funsies) delivered early.